Building qualitative study design using nursing's disciplinary epistemology. Central question is the overarching question you explore in the research study. Thick description is a social sciences qualitative research technique that gives detailed descriptions and interpretations of situations observed by a researcher. Following the initial publication of her methodological work on Interpretive Description in 1997, she has continued to develop it as qualitative research approach particularly suited to the research questions generated from within the applied disciplines, including the health professions. Epub 2015 Sep 28. To date there has been little discussion in the literature of the particular merits and … Differentiating between descriptive and interpretive phenomenological research approaches. They propose a coherent set of strategies for conceptual orientation, sampling, data construction, analysis, and reporting by which nurses can use an interpretive descriptive approach to develop knowledge about human health and illness experience phenomena without sacrificing the theoretical or methodological integrity that the traditional qualitative approaches provide. ... Walsham’s (1993) description, which posits that interpretive methods of research start from the position that our knowledge of reality, including the domain of human action, is a social construction by 2020 Nov 23;20(1):333. doi: 10.1186/s12903-020-01327-9. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Despite nursing's enthusiastic endorsement of the applicability of qualitative research approaches to answering relevant clinical questions, many nurse researchers have been hesitant to depart from traditional qualitative research methods. The aim of interpretive description, a relatively new qualitative methodology, is to generate knowledge relevant for the clinical context of applied health disciplines. Thus, with its mainly inductive approach qualitative research is suitable for problem identification, hypothesis generation, theory formation and concept development . However, other research methods, such as controlled observations and questionnairescan produce both quantitative information. Despite nursing's enthusiastic endorsement of the applicability of qualitative research approaches to answering relevant clinical questions, many nurse researchers have been hesitant to depart from traditional qualitative research methods. Interpretive description is a qualitative research methodology aligned with a constructivist and naturalistic orientation to inquiry. Process oriented (What happened over time?) In this paper, we present interpretive description as a useful research methodology for qualitative approaches within medical education. Reductionism in the pursuit of nursing science: (in)congruent with nursing's core values? Discussion: Evidence from the literature indicates that most studies following the 'descriptive approach' to research are used to illuminate poorly understood aspects of experiences. A common way of differentiating Qualitative from Quantitative research is by looking at the goals and processes of each. Descriptive or interpretive phenomenology. 2015 Jul;22(6):22-7. doi: 10.7748/nr.22.6.22.e1344. Self-efficacy, support and sustainability - a qualitative study of the experience of establishing breastfeeding for first-time Australian mothers following early discharge. QD follows the tradition of qualitative research, i.e. ABSTRACT. Qualitative research approaches are increasingly integrated into medical education research to answer relevant questions that quantitative methodologies cannot accommodate. HHS Interpretive description (ID), a widely used qualitative research method within nursing, offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data within medical education research. Study setting and sampling. • Subquestions divide the central question into smaller, specific questions. International Journal of Qualitative Methodology, 5(2), Article 1, Retrieved 2007. Descriptive and interpretive approaches to qualitative research. Dr. eCollection 2020 Fall. NLM We propose a coherent set of strategies for identifying analytical frameworks, sampling, data collection, analysis, rigour and the limitations of ID for medical education research. In this article, we further develop our understanding of this methodological alternative by elaborating on the objective and mechanisms of its analytic processes and by expanding our consideration of its interpretive … Wang L, Ren J, Fiscella KA, Bullock S, Sanders MR, Loomis EL, Eliav E, Mendoza M, Cacciato R, Thomas M, Kopycka-Kedzierawski DT, Billings RJ, Xiao J. BMC Oral Health. In addition to fundamental paradigmatic differences in ontological and epistemological assumptions discussed above, interpretive and positivist research differ in several other ways. 2020 Nov 4;7:2054358120970098. doi: 10.1177/2054358120970098. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. A phenomenological researcher’s epistemological and ontological assumptions should inform their selection of a particular methodology. J Adv Nurs. With their deductive approach qu… She researched the human experience of chronic illness and cancer, and qualitative research methodologies including metasynthesis and interpretive description. 2020 Sep 23. doi: 10.1111/medu.14380. The first edition of Interpretive Description established itself as the key resource for novice and intermediate level researchers in applied settings for conducting a qualitative research project with practical outcomes. qualitative research involves collecting and/or working with text, images, or sounds. Learn about our remote access options, Department of Surgery, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. By one common definition (Polkinghorne, 1983), all these methods rely on linguistic rather than numerical … The term was invented by social anthropologists Gilbert Ryle and Clifford Geertz. Experimental methods limit the possible ways in which a research participant … Qualitative research is well suited for "why", "how" and "what" questions about human behaviour, motives, views and barriers. Qualitative research methods today are a diverse set, encompassing approaches such as empirical phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, protocol analysis and dis- course analysis. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. | Interpretive description (ID), a widely used qualitative research method within nursing, offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data within medical education research. QUALITATIVE—MORE OPEN ENDED Descriptive (What happened?) It is a ethnographic and qualitative research technique. Interpretive description (Thorne, Reimer Kirkham, & MacDonald-Emes, 1997) is an inductive analytic approaches designed to create ways of understanding clinical phenomena that yield applications implications. Med Educ. NIH First, interpretive research employs a theoretical sampling strategy, where study sites, respondents, or cases are selected based on theoretical considerations such as whether they fit the phenomenon being studied (e.g., sustainable practices can only be s… Get the latest research from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus. ID is an appropriate methodological alternative for medical education research, as it can address complex experiential questions while producing practical outcomes. Interpretive description: a noncategorical qualitative alternative for developing nursing knowledge. Following the initial publication of her methodological work on Interpretive Description in 1997, she has continued to develop it as qualitative research approach particularly suited to the research questions generated from within the applied disciplines, including the health professions.
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